MADE IN SAUDI ARABIA

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MADE IN SAUDI ARABIA

http://madeinsaudiarabia.glooce.com/plant-diversity-in-saudi-arabia/

Plant Diversity in Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia is a quadrilateral land-mass, covering two-thirds of the Arabian Peninsula. It extends about  2,250,000 km2 and consists of a variety of habitats such as sandy and rocky deserts, mountains, valleys (‘wadis’), meadows (‘raudhas’),  salt-pans (‘sabkhas’), lava areas (‘harrats’), etc. Country has most types of terrains which can be, generally, divided into two distinct groups of  rocks; the Arabian Shield and the Arabian Platform. The Arabian shield is formed of igneous and metamorphic rocks of Precambrian age, which have been uplifted on the entire western sides of the country and the Arabian Platform, situated in the Central and Eastern parts of the country, is composed of unaltered, younger sedimentary rocks. The latter group of rocks consists of escarpments, ridges, buttes, rocky and sandy deserts, etc.

As the climate is generally arid in most parts of the country, nearly 30% of the flora is rare. Nevertheless, due to topographic differences and variations in soil compositions, a significant number of species and plant associations can be seen in many places, particularly in Asir and Jizan mountains, Hijaz Mountains and in a few high plant diversity centres of the central and northern regions. The natural resources, particularly the wild plants are widely regarded as a vital component of Saudi Arabia’s natural wealth. The plant diversity of Saudi Arabia is relatively not simple as one would expect for a ‘desert’ country.

The flora of Saudi Arabia is somewhat a complex one, having affinities with the floras of East Africa, North Africa, the Mediterranean countries and the Irano-Turanian countries. The flora consists of about 2281 species; of which 9 species are Gymnosperms and 27 are Pteridophytes. These species belong to 853 genera in 131 families. Among these 33 families are represented by a single species. According to the present estimates, Saudi Arabia contains 97 trees (4.25%), 564 shrubs (24.73%) and about 1620 herbs (71.02%).

The species are not evenly distributed in Saudi Arabia. Majority of species are seen in meadows, mountains and wadis (valleys). Though the average number of species occurring in a km2 area is only a few, especially in the central, eastern and northern regions, the southwestern mountainous regions are densely vegetated, containing the maximum number of species. Approximately 70% of the flora is reported from these areas. However, despite the large size of country, the share of endemism is very meager. Only 56 species (2.54%) are strictly endemic to the Kingdom.    

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Saudi Arabia Kabsa Recipe + a Video

VIA Saudi Arabia glooce

Kabsa, in Arabic it is called “كبسة” is a family of rice dishes that are served mostly in Saudi Arabia, and the other Arab states of the Arabian Gulf. Chicken kabsa recipe is one of the most popular dishes in Saudi Arabia. It is considered a staple. There are various methods to prepare Saudi kabsa. Let’s try two wonderful methods:

Saudi Kabsa Recipe I

Ingredients:
  • 1 2/12 - 3 pound chicken, cut into eight pieces
  • 1/4 cup vegetable oil
  • 2 medium onions, sliced
  • 1 (12 ounce) can tomato puree
  • 2 medium tomatoes, chopped
  • 4 cloves garlic, crushed
  • 2 medium carrots, grated
  • Grated rind of one orange
  • 4 cloves
  • 4 cardamom pods
  • 3 sticks cinnamon
  • Sale and pepper to taste
  • 1 pound long grain rice
  • 1/4 cup raisins
  • 1/4 cup sliced almonds
Preparation:
  • Sautee onion in oil until it begins to brown. Add chicken pieces, tomato puree, chopped tomatoes and garlic and stir for about five minutes over low heat. Stir in three cups hot water, grated carrot, orange rind, spices, salt and pepper to taste. Cook over medium heat, covered, about 20-25 minutes, until chicken is done.
  • Remove chicken. Set aside to keep warm. Stir rice into the liquid in the pan, and cook, covered over low heat for about 35 - 40 minutes, or until liquid is absorbed.
  • Put rice on a serving platter with chicken pieces arranged around the circumfrence. Toss raisins and almonds over all.
Serves: 6

Saudi Kabsa Recipe II


Ingredients:
  • 1 roasting chicken, small one for 2 people and large one for 4 people
  • 2 bay leaves
  • 1 maggie chicken bouillon cube
  • 1 diced onion
  • 2 chopped garlic cloves
  • 6 cardamoms
  • 5 cloves
  • 2 cinnamon sticks
  • 2 dried lemons
  • 1 teaspoon cumin
  • 1 teaspoon coriander
  • salt & pepper
  • 1 teaspoon ginger
  • 1 teaspoon cardamom
  • 1 (8 ounce) can tomato sauce
  • 4 hard-boiled eggs
  • pine nuts, and raisins, for flavor
Preparation:
  • PLEASE note, when cooking with basmati rice you always have to soak in water first or it will not cook well, for at least 15 mins!
  • In a stockpot add your onions and garlic on medium and let brown. Then add all of your *spices. Stir in tomato sauce on med heat until sauce thickens.
  • Then add you chicken into the sauce. I let it sauté for a few minutes on med heat still. Rotate your chicken so it gets all the flavors. After this add your maggie and water. Add water so it covers your chicken this is usually between half and full that I do.
  • Now let your chicken cook like this for about 35 minutes. The first few minutes let it cook on boil them turn the heat down to medium for the rest of time.
  • Meanwhile get another pot the same size and put your basmati in it. I use about 4 teacups full (the Arabic tea cup) then add some vegetable oil or ghee. Not too much but not to less. Then just set your rice aside until after your chicken has cooked.
  • Now after your chicken has cooked for 35 minutes you will turn your oven on broil. Put the chicken in a roasting pan. I add the dried lemons to it. You have to watch it because it only takes a minute on so on broil. It will get crispy and blacken a bit but this is how it is supposed to be.
  • Do not throw your broth away that you cooked your chicken in because we will use this to cook the rice.
  • Add the broth spices and all to your rice (just let it cover the rice and some extra) then just throw the rest away. Cook rice covered for 8 minutes then uncover stirring and cook for another 8 minutes. Make sure you left your sticks and all in the rice this makes it tasty.
  • Now on a serving platter put your rice, then lay your chicken on top, add boiled eggs around the chicken and sprinkle nuts and raisins. You now have the best Saudi Kabsa there is.
How to cook Kabsah - Video

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Madinah-Medina Dates Market Video

VIA GLOOCE

It’s Amazing the variety !! I love dates… Dates with cream cheese..For me Dates are like sweets….

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Medina Markets Video

VIA GLOOCE

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White Camels in Saudi Arabia’s Desert

Via GLOOCE

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THE HOLY MOSQUE,Kabe

Via glooce

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1 PIC OF MECCA

via GLOOCE

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10 Pictures of Saudi Arabia

Via GLOOCE

Saudi Arabia Photos
This photo of Saudi Arabia is courtesy of TripAdvisor

Saudi Arabia Photos
This photo of Saudi Arabia is courtesy of TripAdvisor

Saudi Arabia Photos
This photo of Saudi Arabia is courtesy of TripAdvisor

Saudi Arabia Images
This photo of Saudi Arabia is courtesy of TripAdvisor

Saudi Arabia Images
This photo of Saudi Arabia is courtesy of TripAdvisor

Saudi Arabia Images
This photo of Saudi Arabia is courtesy of TripAdvisor

Saudi Arabia Photos
This photo of Saudi Arabia is courtesy of TripAdvisor

Saudi Arabia Photos
This photo of Saudi Arabia is courtesy of TripAdvisor

Saudi Arabia Photos
This photo of Saudi Arabia is courtesy of TripAdvisor

Saudi Arabia Photos
This photo of Saudi Arabia is courtesy of TripAdvisor

go to www.madeinsaudiarabia.glooce.com

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Saudi Arabia (by proxyyyy)